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Organic Nutrients, Kelp

kelp is the most effective additive next to quality fertilizer.

- - -Organic Fertilizer KELP Advantages- - -

Kelp can help germinate seeds quicker
Kelp can improve taking of cuttings
Kelp can encourage rooting
Kelp can build immunity
Kelp can add more colour and flavour
Kelp can give a longer shelf life
Kelp can produce more and larger buds and flowers
Kelp can counter any nutrient defiencies,
and fight off insects and disease.
Benefits both roots & leaves! And
Kelp is Safe around pets & children!

Kelp is any of a variety of large, brown seaweeds
that grow underwater and on rocky shores. Kelps
are found in cold waters throughout the world.

Kelp seen above water: 
  Kelp Powder:

It has been proven that kelp or what is in kelp can accelerate growth, increase fruiting and flowering, provide resistance to disease, insects and frost. All of the trace elements and minerals which are aided by a carbohydrate mannitol that chelates or makes available certain minerals. What researchers have discovered is that with so many trace elements and minerals as well as vitamins and enzymes not to mention growth hormones, kelp aids in building and or supporting the plants natural immune system. If you can keep a plants immune system high it will have the ability to resist disease, insects, frost, and drought.

The second important and perhaps the most important aspect of kelp is the growth hormones. Kelp contains ample quantities of auxins, gibberellins, and cytokinins. All growth hormones play a part in how a plant functions, and are more accurately called growth regulators. Kelp has very high amounts of a particular hormone, cytokinin. Cytokinins are responsible for cell division, cell enlargement, differentiation of cells, development of chloroplasts as well as a delay in aging. It is very important that they harvest it at just the right time to ensure that the cytokinin levels are at their peak.

There are many ways to use kelp, foliar spraying being the most effective. You can improve specific growth stages by applying kelp with a specific response in mind. You can apply kelp to promote additional buds. If you require more root growth then you would apply it to the root zone after transplanting. Cytokinins respond within what ever stage that the plant is in. Spray in vegetative then you will experience more vegetative growth, spray in flower then you will experience more flowering etc.

Granular kelp is often mixed in with other fertilizers and doesn't contain as high concentrations of ytokinins as liquid concentrate.  If you are looking to supplement your present fertilizer regime then you would probably add powdered kelp. If however you are trying to promote more flowering or budding sites then you would use a concentrated liquid kelp product which can have a cytokinin level of 400 ppm.

Foliar spraying is the most effective way of applying kelp, since leaves are up to 8 times more effecient in taking in of
nutrients than through the root system. When foliar spraying try to apply in the early morning when the plant is the most
active and the stomata are open to their fullest, avoid praying before it rains, use high quality water with a ph of 6.0, and any foliar spray benefits from a non ionic wetting agent.

Kelps micro-nutrient components make it essential for eliminating trace vitamins and mineral deficiencies.

The kelp that has the most importance for our needs is a kelp that grows in the cold canadian waters of the Atlantic Ocean, called Ascophyllum Nodosum. There are many kelps that have great benefits for agriculture but this particular kelp has the gold medal.

Canadian kelp and cabbage comparison.

Component     Kelp    Cabbage
Protein 3.03 1.21
Lipid 0.64 0.18
Digestible Carbohydrate 0.00 5.37
Fibre 9.68 0.80
Iodine 0.21 Unknown
Calcium 0.15 0.47
Iron 0.002 0.006
Magnesium 0.107 0.015
Phosphorus 0.080 0.023
Sodium 0.872 0.018
Potassium 0.05 0.246
Zinc 0.0004 0.0002
Manganese 0.0014 0.0002
Ascorbic Acid 0.003 0.047
Alpha-Tocoperol 0.0009 0.0017
Thiamin 0.00006 0.00005
Riboflavin 0.000023 0.00003
Niacin 0.0016 0.0003
Folic Acid 0.05 0.246
Cholesterol 0.0 0.0
Leucine 0.257 0.063
Lysine 0.112 0.057
Phenylalanine 0.112 0.039
Glycine 0.112 0.027
Alanine 0.136 0.042
Valine 0.209 0.052

Kelp from south africa waters.
Chlorine  0.1 - 1%
Sodium 1 - 3% 
Potassium  3 - 7%
Sulfur 3 - 4%
Calcium  1 - 6%        
Protein 9 - 11%, Main amino-acid, Tyrosine 8.5g/kg (8,500ppm)

Iodine 300 - 700 ppm (winter - summer)
Copper 8 - 16 ppm
Zinc 7 - 60 ppm
Manganese  3 - 50 ppm
Selenium 0.5 - 3 ppm 

kelp elements
                     %                                    %                                       %                                             %
Silver .000004               Nitrogen .062400         Aluminium .019300            Sodium 4.180000
Gold .000006               Nickel .003500              Boron .019400                     Oxygen Undeclared
Barium .001276           Osmium Trace             Carbon Undeclared            Uranium  .000004
Phosphorus .211000 Calcium 1.904000       Lead .000014                       Molybdenum  <.001592 
Chlorine 3.680000      Rubidium .000005      Cobalt .001227                     Sulphur 1.564200
Copper .000635          Antimony .000142         Fluorine .032650                 Silicon .164200
Iron .089560                 Tin .000006                   Germanium .000005          Strontium .074876
Hydrogen Undeclared Tellurium Trace           Mercury .000190                  Titanium .000012
Iodine .062400            Thallium .000293           Potassium 1.280000        Vanadium .000531
Lanthanum .000019  Tungsten .000033          Lithium .000007                 Zinc .003516
Magnesium .213000     Zirconium .000001     Manganese .123500         Selenium .000043

Other elements
Bismuth Gallium Thorium Beryllium Indium Radium Niobium Iridium Bromine
Cadmium Palladium Cerium Chromium Platinum  Rhodium Cesium


This is a breakdown of the elements essential for a plants growth. Here we have the baseline to which NPK ratios are adjusted. (by weight)
C = Carbon 450,000ppm
H = Hydrogen 60,000ppm
O = Oxygen 450,000ppm
P = Phosphorus 2,000ppm
K = Potassium 10,000ppm
N = Nitrogen 15,000ppm
(Note: C, H, and O usually come from the soil and atmospheric conditions)

Secondary nutrients:
S = Sulfur 1,000ppm
Ca = Calcium 5,000ppm
Mg = Magnesium 2000ppm

Fe = Iron 100ppm
Mo = Molybdenum 0.1ppm
B = Boron 20ppm
Cu = Copper 6ppm
Mn = Manganese 50ppm
Zn = Zinc 20ppm
Cl = Chlorine 100ppm

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