Marijuana is a common term for the hemp plant, Cannabis spp.
Botanically, cannabis is classified into three distinct species: sativa, indica,
and ruderalis. Most cannabis plants grown for smoking are
hybrids of sativa and indica, although there are a few strains which
incorporate ruderalis genetics. Cannabis is typically
consumed as the the crude drug, composed of the dried flowering tops
("buds"), but a wide variety of extracts can be prepared from the raw
material. The most common of these are hashish and hash oil, although
cannabis-infused butter or cannabis tinctures are also sometimes
used. Typically users smoke the drug, as this allows the most
accurate titration of dosage and virtually instant effects, but it can
also be added to foods and beverages. Marijuana varies in widely in
potency, depending on a wide variety of factors in the growing, curing,
and packaging process.
The most abundant active ingredient, delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol
(THC), is present in all parts of both the male and female plants but
is most concentrated in the resin (cannabin) in the flowering tops of
the female. Hashish, a more powerful form of the drug, is made by
collecting and drying this resin. It has been reported to be about
eight times as strong as the marijuana typically smoked in the United
States, but this figure is highly suspect considering the increasing
potency of available cannabis. A well-grown plant coming form
a strong genetic background can yield a product containing
20cannabinoids; this means that if you're smoking well-grown cannabis,
it's physically impossible for hashish to be 8 times as
It's also very important to note that there are many
cannabinoids present in cannabis besides THC, and these almost
certainly contribute to the effects. Any experienced smoker
will tell you that the specifics of the high can vary widely from
strain to strain. Since strains with the same THC content can
be felt to have substantially different subjective highs, the only
reasonable explanation is that at least one or several of these other
structurally-related chemicals are centrally active. Strains
with more sativa in their pedigree will tend to be more cerebral highs,
while indica-heavy strains tend to be much "stonier" and often
in a Chinese herbal dating from 2700 BC, marijuana long has been
considered valuable as an analgesic, an anesthetic, an antidepressant,
an antibiotic, and a sedative. Although it was usually used externally
(e.g., as a balm or smoked), in the 19th century its tips were
sometimes administered internally to treat gonorrhea and angina
The effect that cannabis has depends on the potency, genetics of the
plant, growth conditions, maturity of the plant at harvest, and the
curing techniques. Factors that vary from individual to
individual include frequency of smoking, how recently it was last
smoked, and how the body naturally reacts to the drug (this last factor
is particularly important). The method of ingestion also
plays a very substantial role. An oral dose is generally much
more sedative and long-lasting than a smoked dose, and can sometimes be
quite disorienting even for experienced users.
Relaxation, stress reduction
Creative, philosophical or deep thinking...ideas flow more
Increased appreciation of music.
Increased awareness of senses(eating, drinking, smell)
Change in experience of muscle fatigue. Pleasent body
feel.Increase in body/mind connection.
Pain relief (headaches, cramps)
reduced nausea (used medically for this)
Increased appetite, snacky-ness
General change in consciousness (as with many psychoactives)
Blood shot eyes (more common with certain varieties of
cannabis and inexperienced users)
Difficulty with short-term memory during effects and during
periods of frequent use.
Slowness and delayed reactions, especially dangerous when
driving or operating machinery.
Racing heart, agitation, and tenseness.
Mild to severe anxiety
Panic attacks at very high doses (usually oral) or in
Paranoid & anxious thoughts more frequent
Possible dependence on cannabis
The issue of cannabis withdrawal is somewhat more
controversial. There are many users who scoff at the idea
that cannabis could be considered addictive. It has long been
considered to be psychologically habituating, but it wasn't until the
last few decades that pharmacologists began to describe a physical
withdrawal syndrome that develops on ceasing to use cannabis.
On the other hand, there are also countless stories of daily cannabis
users who decide to quit cannabis one day, and do so successfully
without looking back. Due to the abundance of these reports,
it would seem that a large number of people are essentially immune to
the physically habituating effects of cannabis. Nevertheless,
cannabis withdrawal is very real, and is typically characterized by
insomnia, loss of appetite (sometimes including the inability to eat
any food for a few days), aggression and irritability, general
dysphoria and anxiety, and an inability to focus.
In many countries the use and possession of marijuana is illegal. Don't
EVER cross a border while in possession of ANY illegal drug.